Government

It is generally accepted that government has three branches: the body of law makers (the legislature) – parliaments, assemblies and councils; the body of law interpreters – the judiciary; and, the body of law executors – the executive or the administration.

In 2015 we are electing the members to the lower house of the national legislature – the House of Commons.  We do not elect the upper house of the national legislature – the House of Lords  – nor do we elect the upper house of the European legislature – the Council of Europe.  Any British administration must have the support of the House of Commons and through custom and practice must be members of the parliament. there is a great need to overhaul the electoral system.

Government also has several levels: parish, district, county, region, national and European.  Not all parts of Britain have all levels.  Most of the country has parishes, only England has counties, and there are no regions in England.  All of Britain has district government.

Under localism the exercise of decision making should be at the lowest level possible.  So the default position should, in my view, be the parish.  However, in practice delivery of many of the services would be at the district/county level and broad policy decisions would be made at the regional level.  The national administration would be directly responsible for the broad economy, trade and finance; internal and external security, the broader environment; and, basic general welfare.  In other policies areas it would provide for the dissemination of good practice and audit other levels of government.